Connecting History and People along the Delaware & Lehigh
This story is part of NPCA’s series on national heritage areas, the large lived-in landscapes managed through innovative partnerships to tell America’s cultural history. See the rest of the stories in this series.
The Delaware & Lehigh National Heritage Corridor (D&L) in eastern Pennsylvania unites five counties and commemorates the rivers, canals, and railroads—as well as the people and communities—that brought anthracite coal from the mines to market in the early 19th century, fueling an early center of the American Industrial Revolution.
One of the most successful heritage areas in the nation, the D&L uses collaborative partnerships to connect people with nature and highlight the industrial heritage of the region, which covers more than 160 miles of canals and railroads between Wilkes-Barre and Bristol.
Historically, the region was first inhabited by Lenni Lenape Indians. In 1791, the discovery of hard anthracite coal in the northern counties helped to feed a new market in Philadelphia and New York where efficient fuel was in demand. To bring the coal from the mountains of Carbon County and the Wyoming Valley, local industries constructed two canal systems and, later, the Lehigh Valley Railroad. These engineering marvels opened the region to development, brought great wealth, spurred nation-building industrial innovations, and led to the founding of hundreds of communities that give the region its distinctive character.
At the heart of the heritage area is the D&L Trail. It is the same path once walked by Native Americans and follows the path where mules towing canal boats once transported anthracite coal from area mines. Eighty-six miles of the 165-mile D&L Trail run through Lehigh Gorge and Delaware Canal State Parks, and many sections pass through state forests, game lands, and local parks.
Nineteenth-century industries have been replaced by a living landscape of scenic waterways, historic canals, towns, mountains, green valleys, woodlands, natural areas, recreation, and active cultural landmarks. The D&L Trail is the spine of the heritage corridor as it passes through Luzerne, Carbon, Lehigh, Northampton, and Bucks counties.
Today, the cultural, historical, recreational, and natural assets found along the D&L Trail continue to appeal to residents and tourists alike. It is the platform from which the heritage corridor creates over 3,300 jobs and $240 million in annual revenues. It is home to 1.6 million residents and entertains untold visitors.
Travelers to the Delaware & Lehigh will want to stop in our landmark communities.
- To the north, Jim Thorpe’s steep hillsides and narrow streets earned the town its nickname: “The Switzerland of America.” Established in 1818 as Mauch Chunk and later renamed for the legendary Native American athlete, Jim Thorpe’s beauty has long beckoned to visitors, who can enjoy train rides into Lehigh Gorge State Park, live theater and music at the Mauch Chunk Opera House, and tours of the Asa Packer Mansion and the Old Jail, once occupied by the Molly Maguires.
- The city of Bethlehem dates back to 1741. Many downtown structures remain from the 18th and early 19th centuries, including the venerable Central Moravian Church, Lehigh University, the Colonial Industrial Quarter, and others. The city has since become known for its annual festivals as well as “Steelstax,” the revitalized site of Bethlehem Steel. Shopping and dining along Main Street and visits to the Southside’s eclectic galleries and shops are highlights of any Bethlehem visit.
- In Easton’s Hugh Moore Park, the National Canal Museum collection holds the artifacts, pictures, films, and documents that tell the stories of our communities. Pennsylvania’s only mule-drawn canal boat, the Josiah White II, operates here seasonally on the Lehigh Canal.
- In the late 1860s, the Delaware Canal brought life and energy to New Hope as an estimated 100 canal boats passed through every day. By the middle of the last century, it became a haven for artists from Philadelphia and gave rise to the New Hope School of Pennsylvania Impressionists. Today, New Hope is more diverse and vibrant than ever, bustling with galleries and specialty shops and offering casual and fine dining, as well as theater.
The heritage corridor is dedicated to revitalizing, preserving, and celebrating the nationally significant aspects of our communities, including the role our people and communities played in building America. Ours is a story that’s alive on main streets and along the D&L Trail, reaching from the anthracite mines of Carbon and Luzerne counties to the port of Bristol. Learn more about the D&L at www.delawareandlehigh.org.
Learn more about national heritage areas around the country through NPCA’s blog series.